Savaria Telecab Home Elevator: Fast and Easy Installation

Savaria's Telecab home elevator is a valuable addition to your home, because it enhances the value of your home and improves the quality of life of all family members. As a leading elevator supplier, Savaria offers fast and easy installation of its premium products. These home elevators ensure considerable independence and comfort for your loved ones who have mobility issues, making your home a warmer and friendlier place. Savaria Telecab can also be used to carry heavy items such as groceries, laundries or anything else between the floors.

The self-enclosed drive tower of Savaria Telecab residential elevator makes the unit fast and easy to install and it also keeps the mechanical components out of site and safe. Durable and almost maintenance free, these cost-effective elevators can be modified to meet your unique requirements and challenges. Designed specifically for residential application, the Telecab elevator from Savaria is commonly used in buildings having 2 floors. This elevator is available in a wide range of colors. It has a lifting capacity of 500lbs (227 kg) and a travel speed of 25 feet / min.

Telecab Home Elevator Safety Features

Telecab home elevator is provided with an array of safety features including:

• Electro-mechanical door lock and open door sensor
• Under panel safety sensor
• Adjustable top floor presence detector built into the cab
• Emergency stop button
• Emergency alarm button for signaling outsiders whenever the elevator is in trouble
• Emergency battery lowering
• Remote control with locking option is available to avoid illegal access
• Fully enclosed drive tower for safety and aesthetics
• Pressure relief valve to prevent platform overload
• In cab telephone system
• Slack chain safety device
• Halogen light in cab

Most of the controls incorporated in Telecab are user-friendly, with the intention that users can operate them without an elevator operator. The equipment can be customized to fit into a limited space.

Installation Requirements

Installation requirements of Savaria Telecab elevator are simple. This unit does not need a hoistway or an under-unit pit and can be installed easily. This residential elevator requires less space. Being a space saving model, it can be installed without making major alterations to the existing architectural structure of your home.

Compared to commercial elevators, these residential elevators are less complex and less expensive. If you're considering a home elevator and want to make good use of the available space in your residence, Telecab Elevator would be a good option. A Savaria Telecab home elevator can increase the architectural appeal of your old or new home.

How to Establish Your Container Garden

Vegetable production is not only applicable in the countryside or in the gardens but can be grown now within the heart of the city or just in your home even with only a limited space.

If your home has an area with ample sunlight – a requirement for growing vegetables, you can grow them successfully. What are the locations that can be used for container gardening? You can use your patio, balcony, terrace, rooftop, deck, window sill, pathways, etc.

Be aware of the sunlight requirement for each kind of crop. For leafy vegetables, the required sunlight should be about four hours the whole day, for fruit vegetables, at least 7-8 hours sunlight is needed daily, and root vegetables requires around 6 hours of sunlight a day.

And besides of producing your own vegetables in a safer way, the attack of common pests and diseases can be greatly minimized. You can also improve the soil conditions by adding some soil amendments; like manure, compost, and other essential food nutrients needed by the plants.

Everything in your home that are considered as garbage can be utilized to the maximum by making them into compost. Even your household waste water can be used to irrigate your plants.

In other words, container gardening is considered to be the practice that makes use of useless things.

What Containers Are Ideal For Container Gardening?

Growing vegetables can be executed in any type of containers such as; cans, plastics, pails, split vehicle tires, cement bags, feed bags, bottle water plastics, gallon cans, cylinder blocks, milk container, bamboo cuts or any containers that have been thrown away. Even coco shells, banana bracts, leaves of coconut is ideal as potting materials especially for short season vegetables, like, pechay, lettuce, mustard, etc.

Good growing containers should possess the three important characteristics as suggested by Relf (1996);

1. They must be large enough to support fully grown plants.

2. They must have adequate drainage.

3. They must not have held products that are toxic to plants and persons.

Containers that drain poorly can affect the success of a container garden. It is therefore vital to have your containers above ground or any support that would raise the containers such as; slats, hollow blocks or anything to provide space below them to allow excess water to drain freely.

For bigger plants, you should use big containers and for small containers use small plants.

Small containers (1-2 gallons) are suited for lettuce, spinach, mustard, pepper, radish, green onions, carrots, beans, and dwarf tomatoes. Medium size containers (3-10 gallons) are best for eggplants while for larger ones (bigger than 10 gallons) are good for cabbage, cucumbers and tomatoes.

For most plants, containers should be at least 15 cm deep minimum especially for shot season vegetables.

Recommended Container Size and Type / Crop

5 gal. window box – Bush beans, Lima beans
1 plant / 5gal.pot, 3plants / 15 gal. pot -Cabbage, Chinese cabbage
5 gal. window box at least 30 cm deep – carrot
1 plant / gal. pot – cucumber
5 gal. pot – Eggplant, tomato, okra
5 gal. window pot – Lettuce
1 plant / 2gal. pot; 5 plants / 15 gal. pot – Onion
5 gal. window box – Pepper, spinach

Soil Media Composition

Plants grown in containers will depend on the kind of soil mixture to provide a maximum growth development. It is a must that you should provide the best soil media composition to give the possible return of your toil. Failure to give the plants with the necessary food nutrients in their growing period would results to poor growth, lanky, and stunted plants that will results to your failure.

The ideal soil mixture for container-grown vegetables crops are as follows:

1. It should be light in weight and porous.

2. It should easily drain excess water.

3. It should have high water holding capacity.

4. It should be free from soil borne disease, nematodes and insect pests.

5. It should supply the right and balance amount of nutrients for the plants.

The best mixture of soil media should compose the following; synthetic mix of horticultural-grade vermiculite, peat moss, limestone, superphosphate and complete fertilizer.

Compost can also serve as an excellent growing medium.

In your country where the above media are not available, you can make your own potting media by mixing 1 part loam soil or compost manure, 1 part fine river sand, and coconut coir dust.

If your country is producing rice you can replace coconut coir dust with the rice hull charcoal (carbonized). But this should be thoroughly sterilized to kill some deadly microbes that are detrimental to the plants.

Sawdust is another medium that could be used in preparing your growing medium in the absence of coco coir dust and should also be sterilized.

Sowing Seed and Transplanting

Before going into the sowing procedure, give your utmost attention to the selection of seed you'll use as planting materials. Good quality seeds should be your first concern.

Good quality seeds possesses the following characteristics:

1. damage free
2. free from other mixture with other varieties
3. free from seed borne diseases
4. and with good vigor and germinating capacity.

To get a quality and reliable seeds, you should buy from certified seed producers or seed suppliers.

All vegetables that undergoes transplanting are excellent for container gardening. Transplants can be purchased from local nurseries or other successful gardeners in your locality.

Before transplanting, fill plastic or germinating tray with the growing media preparation using the following ratio: 60% rice hull charcoal (carbonized), 30% coconut coir dust, 10% chicken manure (60-30-10 ratio).

In the absence of the above materials in your country, you can use the old soil media preparation – 1 part sand, 1 part compost, and 1 part garden soil (1-1-1 ratio). Make sure to sterilize them before the seed are sown. This is to kill some microorganisms that may cause damage to the seedlings.

You can also purchase a prepared growell medium sold in local agriculture stores in your respective country. Inquire from your agriculture experts available in your area.

Once the growing media is ready, fill the holes of the germinating or potting containers. Press the soil medium lightly with your fingers in every hole filled with the medium. Then follows the sowing of seeds.

In sowing seeds some techniques should be followed to insure germination:

Watermelon (Seeded) (Citrulis lunatus). Soak seed 30 min.- 1hour in top water. Incubate by using moist cotton cloth. Spread the seeds and cover. Place in an improvised cartoon for 24-36 hours. After this period, sow the seeds at I seed per hill. Seed must be level in the soil guided by a finger or stick at 1 cm deep. For the seedless type the procedure is the same as the seeded but the tip near the embryo should be cut with the use of a nail cutter before inserting to the soil. Cutting the end portion of the seed hastens germination.

Bitter Gourd / Ampalaya (Momordica charantia). Soak seeds for 30 min.-1 hour. Cut the tip near the embryo and sow with the seed deep of ¾ of the soil at 1 seed per hole.

Upo (Lagenaria siceraria) and Patola (Luffa cylindrica). Cut the tip covering only near the embryo and sow seed at 1 seed per hole.

Squash (Cucurbita spp). Soak seeds 30 min.-1 hour. Then pinch the tip near the embryo and sow seed at 1 seed per hole.

Pepper (Capsicum annum L.), Eggplant (Solanum melongena), and Tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum). Sow the seed directly to the germinating tray at 1-2 seeds per hole.

Pechai / Pechay (Brassica pechai), Lettuce (Lactuca sativa), Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. Botrytis), and Broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. Italica). Sow seed directly to the germinating at 1-2 seeds per hole.

Cucumber (Cucumis sativus), Honey Dew / Muskmelon (Cucumis melo). Sow the seed directly to the germinating tray at 1 seed per hole.

Carrot (Daucus carota) and Raddish (Rafanus sativus). Directly sow the seed to the field at 2-3 seeds per hill.

Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) and Beans (Phaseolus limensis). Sow the seed directly to the field at 1 seed per hill.

Corn (zea mays). Sow the seed directly to the field at 1 seed per hill.

Papaya (Carica papaya). Soak the seeds for 30 min.-1 hour then sow to the germinating tray at 1 seed per hole.

Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus). Directly sow the seed in the field at 1-2 seeds per hill.

Container size for specific crops.

o Medium – Beans, lettuce, carrots, cabbage, broccoli

o Large – Cuccumber, eggplant, tomato, pepper, okra, squash, papaya

o Small – Onions, parsley, radish

Light Requirements

o Sun – Beans, cucumber, eggplant, tomato, pepper, carrots, okra, squash, cabbage, Chinese cabbage, broccoli papaya

o Partial shade – Lettuce, onions, parsley, radish

Fertilizer Requirements

To get the right amount of fertilizer for your vegetables, you should analyze your soil media mixture. And if you can do it, organic or inorganic fertilizer should be used.

Fertilizer combination of organic and inorganic would be much better with the correct proportion depending on the plant requirement.

When using inorganic fertilizer you should prepare a base nutrient solution by dissolving 2 cups of complete fertilizer in 1 gallon of warm water.

A growing solution is prepared by diluting 2 tablespoons of the base solution in 1 gallon of water.

Application starts by pouring 2-3 tablespoons of the growing solution on the soil media around the plants at the time of transplanting.

The frequency of application may vary from one crop to another, but one application per day is adequate. It is advisable to leach all unused fertilizer out of the soil mix once a week by watering tap water to cause free drainage through the holes in the bottom of the container.

This practice will prevent buildup of injurious materials in the soil media. If you want to use organic fertilizer, you should use pure or 2/3 compost in the growing media.

If both the organic and inorganic fertilizer will be used, at least one part of the growing media should be compost and one tablespoon of the growing solution applied at least once a day.

If you'll use synthetic mix growing medium, which is already enriched with superphosphate and complete fertilizer subsequent fertilization may not be necessary for early maturing crops.

For late maturing crops, daily application of the growing solution is necessary until maturity or shortly before harvesting.

Water Management

Water is the life for container garden plant. It's important that you should not neglect this requirement. Proper water management is vital for a successful container gardening.

Basically, one watering a day is enough for container-grown crops. But for vegetables grown in small containers may require 2 times of watering a day.

Plants grown in clay pots needs more frequent watering since pots are more porous and extra water is allowed to drain out from their sides.

If the growing medium appears to be excessively dry and as the plant shows signs of wilting, the containers should be grouped together so that the foliage creates a canopy to help shade the soil and keep it cool.

Poor drainage of the growing media or container can lead to water-logged condition that may results to plant death due to lack of oxygen.

To make sure you have a vigorous plants, always check the containers at least once a day and twice on hot, dry, or windy days and to feel the soil to determine whether it is dump.

To reduce water evaporation for container plants, you should apply mulching materials such as plastic mulch or putting windbreaks.

You can also install trickle or drip irrigation system to the plants base if you think you can's attend to your plants daily.

Pests and Diseases Control

Control of pests and diseases in containers needs your careful assessment because wrong use of pesticides may cause damage to the environment, especially children who may often come closer to your container plants.

To be safe, you should implement the Integrated Pest Management (IPM). This approach is focused on the so called systematic pest management which means to prevent problems before the pests and diseases appears.

How you can do this?

It is done by monitoring pest population, identifying pests, and choosing a combination of control methods to keep pests population at a minimal level. These methods includes cultural, mechanical, biological, and chemical methods.

Recommended Practices …

o Select insect and disease-resistant varieties of vegetables. Avoid insect attracting plants in the garden or those that are susceptible to pests. Beans, peas, cucumbers, spinach, lettuce and squash are more resistant to insect pests.

o Water the plants adequately to keep them healthy. Fertilize and thin plants to reduce competition for moisture and nutrients.

o Remove weeds to conserve soil moisture and eliminate hiding places of pests.

o Encourage natural enemies of insect pests, such as predators and parasites. Attract beneficial insects like; Western Damsel Bug, Lady Beetle, Green Lace Wing, and Minute Pirate Bug into your garden by planting small flowered plants such as; daisies, cosmos, marigold, and clover. Be sure they are in flower bloom throughout the growing season.

o Avoid growing the same types of vegetables in the same spot year after year. A 4-year rotation cycle is recommended.

o Exclude pests from plants by using fiber materials, row cover, and other barriers such as plastic bottles and plant collars.

o Remove infested part of the plant right away. Remove all plant residues from the containers after harvesting all the crops.

o Use traps to disrupt mating cycles of insects. Yellow sticky boards catch winged aphids, whiteflies, and leafhoppers.

o Handpick pests or knock them off plants with a stream of water from a garden hose. Kill the insects by putting them a soapy water.

o If all other control methods fails, the least toxic insecticides includes botanical control such as neem and pyrethrin. Insecticidal soap, horticultural oil may also be used for insect control. Always identify the pests before choosing a pesticide and use according to label directions.


Harvesting varies with vegetables. Leafy vegetables may be harvested when the desired leaf size is required for every use they are intended. Others harvest leafy vegetables after the required age is meet. For fruit vegetables such as, Luffa, Cucumber, Eggplant, beans, Okra, and Upo they are harvested when their size are big but tender. For squash varieties, they are harvested either matured or big but tender depending on the preference of users.

Cabbage, cauliflowers, and broccoli should be harvested when their heads are already compact. Peppers and tomatoes may be harvested when their fruits have started to ripen.

If you're growing container-grown vegetables just for home consumption, you can harvest only some part of the plant and retain the rest for future use. But if you think you have more than enough for family use, you can harvest them all and sell or give them to your neighbors.

Never allow your vegetables to bear flower before harvesting them except when your purpose is to collect the seeds for future planting.

Maturity Indices of some Vegetables

o White potato, onion, garlic – Tops begins to dry and topple down

o Cowpea, sitao, snap beans, batao, sweet pea, winged bean – Well-filled pods that really snap

o Okra – Full-sized fruits with the tips that can be snapped readily

o Lima beans, pigeon pea – Well-filled pods that are starting to lose their greenness

o Upo, luffa – Immature (if thumb nail can penetrate easily)

o Tomato – Seeds slip when fruit is cut, or green color turning pink

o Sweet pepper – Deep green color turning dull

o Musk melon – Color of lower part turns creamy yellow, produces dull hallow sound when thumped

o Cauliflower – Curd compact (over mature if flower clusters elongates and begin to loosen)

o Broccoli – Bud cluster compact (over mature if loose)

o Cabbage – Heads compact s (over mature if heads cracks)

o Sweet corn – Exudes milk sap when thumbnail penetrates kernel

o Eggplant, ampalaya – Desirable size is reached out but still tender

o Honey dew – White color cream with aroma

o Squash – Big enough with dried leaves

o Watermelon – Dull hollow sound when thumped and lower color part turns yellow

o Water spinach – Leaves at their broadest and longest

Problems Encountered in Container Gardening

In container gardening you'll meet some problems that may hinder your daily operations. This is sometimes discernible when you'll not attend the plants due to negligence.

However, you can prevent these problems if you'll religiously observe your plants closely. Small pests and diseases can not be seen visibly if you'll not see the plant appearance closely. You'll only see the affected plants once you come closer and actually touch them.

Some symptoms, causes, and corrective measures you should observe …

o Tall, spindly and not productive. The plants receives insufficient sunlight and excessive supply of Nitrogen. To correct them, you should transfer the containers to a place where there is sufficient sunlight.

o Yellowing from bottom, poor color, and lack vigor. The plants receives too much water and low fertility. To correct this, you have to reduce watering intervals and check the pots for good drainage.

o Plants wilt even with sufficient water. The plants has poor drainage and aeration. To correct, you should use a potting mix with high percentage of organic matter. Increase the number of holes of the container for good drainage.

o Burning or firing of the leaves. The soil medium is high in salt. To correct this problem, you have to leach the container with tap water at regular intervals.

o Stunted growth, sickly, and purplish color of leaves. The temperature is low and low phosphate. To correct, you should relocate the containers to a warmer area. Increase phosphate level in base solution.

o Holes in leaves and distorted in shape. The plants are pests infested. To correct, you should use non-chemical insecticides or other biological control for insects.

o Spots on the leaves, dead dried areas or powdery or rust occurrence. The plants are affected with a disease. To correct them, you should remove the disease affected parts or the whole plant in serious condition. You can use non-chemical pesticides if the disease is in the early stage of infestation.

HR Business Partner's (HRBP's) – Are They Really Business Partners?

Over last few years there has been overuse of one job title – Human Resource Business Partner (HRBP). However, many title holders and title-givers do not seem to have understood the meaning of this role. First of all "HR Manager" and "HR Business Partner" is not same and hence can not be used interchangeably. Secondly, HR Business Partner is a senior level role and hence an individual must have considerable amount of experience before being designated as HRBP. HR Business Partner is equal to Head of HR, SBU Head of HR, Country HR Head, and Regional HR Head. Responsibilities of HR Business Partner in any industry are as follows:

  1. Cascade business segment goals and objectives to optimize alignment between business and human capital strategies, ensuring effective implementation
  2. Partner with a business segment leader to develop and deploy strategic planning objectives to build a dynamic organization that delivers significant and sustainable growth.
  3. Provide guidance to managers and employees regarding interpretation of company policies and procedures. Guide and coach managers on employee relations and HR issues in line with Company policies and best practice, including disciplinary, grievance, performance, redundancy and absence management
  4. Advise and coach business leaders on matters related to talent management, including competency requirements, workforce planning, leadership selection, executive coaching, performance management, retention, and succession planning
  5. Work in partnership with the operational management teams to identify opportunities and areas of improvement to support improved organisational and people performance in line with business needs
  6. Drive efficiency and positive organizational results through lean, alignment of systems, processes and structures to drive the right people behaviour and engagement.
  7. Leverage on employee data (eg exit interviews, climate survey results, turnover analytics) and the performance management system to improve employee engagement, performance and retention.
  8. Develop & conduct team development / team building strategies both proactively and when necessary to improve team performance. Present options to managers on organizational structure, roles & responsibilities, staffing levels, and matrix management.
  9. Maintains in-depth knowledge of legal requirements related to day-to-day management of employees, reducing legal risks and ensuring regulatory and policy compliance.
  10. Achieve increased and sustainable business results through prudent spending on the people costs and assist the business make informed decisions with regard to people investment

Competencies required for being successful as HRBP –

  1. Achievement Orientation – This competency involves working to achieve results and improve individual as well as organizational contribution. An individual who demonstrates this competency will analyse organizational outcomes in order to make decisions, set priorities or choose goals on the basis of calculated inputs and outputs. This includes analysing both process and people related outcomes. Further, he will keep track of and measures outcomes against a standard of excellence not imposed by others. Also, he will make decisions that allocate limited resources to meet policy objectives.
  2. Business Acumen – An individual demonstrating this competency will have thorough knowledge of the organization's and the department's strategic direction, programmes, services, environmental influences and their long-term impact as it relates to human resource management. Further, he will be able to understand and clearly articulate the direction, culture, business challenges and priorities of the organization and take the appropriate action to align these functions with business direction and needs.
  3. Change Leader – HRBP demonstrating this competence will be able to lead, develop, champion and promote change in the workplace, building employee and departmental support and commitment. He will also be able to persuade and convince others to gain support for the recommended need for change, providing reasonable and logical options and solutions.
  4. Decisiveness – A decisive individual takes ownership of decisions and ensures decisions are consistent with legislation, precedent and established policies and procedures of organization. He will put systems in place to proactively monitor risks and determine acceptable risk tolerances. Further, he will integrate risk management into programme management and organizational planning.
  5. Impact and Influence – A HRBP with competence of "impact and influence" will be able to develop and maintain open and honest professional relationships with colleagues, clients and stakeholders. He will be able persuade, convince and influence others in order to achieve understanding and reach agreement. Further, he will be able to guide and coach a diverse group of employees that results in a team that can meet its goals and objectives, while maintaining a healthy, productive, respectful and safe work environment which is free of discrimination. He will build "behind-the-scenes" support for ideas.
  6. Lead and Develop Teams – Key behavioural indicators of this competency is the ability of HRBP to develop and implement strategies that build, support and enhance team morale and productivity as well as promote a positive and co-operative work environment. He gives feedback to direct reports, peers, and / or team members or other employees in behavioural rather than personal terms for developmental purposes, and refers them to available resources to help further their success. Further, he fosters a climate of openness, trust and solidarity among the staff by treating each person as a valued team member where people feel comfortable in expressing their opinions and needs.
  7. Relationship Building – Relationship building involves the ability to develop contacts and relationships, internal and external to the organization, to facilitate work efforts or to gain support. This type of relationship is often quite deliberate and is typically focused on the way relationship is conducted. HRBP's who demonstrate this competency continuously works to build and maintain critical relationships and networks of contacts that contribute to the achievement of goals.
  8. Results Orientation – Establishes and maintains effective accountability systems to review activities and goals against strategies; analyses performance information to set priorities and take calculated risks to improve the processes and HR activities, predicts emerging issues and manages associated risks. HRBP's exhibiting this competency is able to develop and maintain effective performance management and accountability systems ensuring activities and goals support organizational strategies.
  9. Strategic Orientation – HRBP's who demonstrate this competency prioritize work in alignment with business goals, acts and implements strategies and policies in accordance with the organization's strategies, objectives and goals. They consider and reconsider impact of existing policies, processes and methods on future developments and trends. They also ensure that contingency plans exist for problems and situations that might occur.
  10. Subject Matter Expertise – Detailed knowledge of HR principles, concepts, strategies, current trends and issues.

This write-up is an attempt to elaborate the role of HR Business Partner in an organization and highlight its importance. I hope this will be helpful in expanding your horizon of knowledge. HR Business Partners plays an important role in an organization provided their role has been appropriately carved and interpreted. In absence of right knowledge, HRBP will be nothing more than a fancy job title and another HR fad.

10 Tips For Surviving an ISO 9000 Or TS-16949 Quality Assessment

We've all been there-that office pacing, palm sweating, and hand- ringing time just before an auditor comes in to conduct an assessment. It could be ISO-9000, TS-16949 or a customer specific assessment (those of us old enough will fondly remember the days of Ford's Q-1, GM's Targets for Excellence etc.). It does not matter what the audit is, the days and hours before the audit are going to drive you crazy.

Here are a few tips to keep in mind when getting ready for an assessment that will make the audit go better and help you relax in the time coming up for the audit.

1. Know the requirements. You have been ISO registered for a number of years, but when was the last time you read the standard? Read the standard in the days before the audit. Make sure that you know what you think the requirements are, and make notes about things that you are not clear on. Your lead auditor considers himself an expert on the standard, and I've yet to meet one that is not happy to share their opinions or translation of the standard.

2. Conduct a thorough Management Review in the weeks prior to the audit. One of the first things that an auditor will look at is the management review (if not formally, they will ask about the performance of the operation and what if any customer events concerns you've had.) If you do a solid job preparing the Management Review, then the answers to these questions will be included in the package. Most auditors will keep the review on hand to show compliance to other areas throughout the audit.

3. Develop an Internal Audit Schedule-and keep to it. This is a difficult thing to do, but if you have an internal audit schedule that is current, then the weeks prior to the audit, a quick review is all that should be needed to prepare for the audit. Document your internal audit findings. Nothing waves a red flag to an auditor faster then a plant that is not running in top condition with an internal system that has not found any issues. You can also use the internal audits as an opportunity to document non-compliances (we all know where some are) and issue internal corrective actions for the issue. For example, if you have a problem with product identification, and write this up in an internal audit, if the auditor sees the same issue, they may be more agreeable not to write that up since it is already identified, with a corrective action assigned already. (It would be even better to have the corrective action identified with an implementation plan to show the auditor.)

4. Make sure that the audit is well communicated to everyone in the organization. Although it feels like you are the only one being involved, everyone in the plant will be nervous if they are being audited. You can help them relax if you let them know what to expect. If you have the same auditor, you know what he is likely to ask. Refresh the memories of those who were interviewed in previous audits and let everyone else know what to expect. This applies to everyone in the organization-from the top level managers to the shop floor operators- it is important that everyone is informed.

5. You are the expert of your process. The auditor is an expert of internal auditing and of the standard that you are being audited to. He is not however an expert on your processes, your customers or anything else about your organization. Your processes have been developed and have evolved to their current state of being, and you are meeting your customer's expectations. While there are many things that you know you can do better, the auditor will only be interested in what you say you are doing, and it's effectiveness in meeting the demands of the customer.

6. Make sure that the support of the top level managers is obvious to the auditor. The opening meeting of the audit will set the tone for the entire exercise. If there is full support from all facets of the organization, this will show that there is "buy in" of the Quality Management System from the whole organization. If the opening meeting is attended by the Quality Manager, a Quality Engineer and no one else, this sends a message that the QMS is wholly owned by the quality group, causing him to be suspicious of the commitment of the organization. The top level manager of should make every effort to attend the meeting, and at least once during the audit, make a point of interfacing with the auditor regarding the progress of the assessment. Usually a working lunch is requested during the audit. Invite the key managers and audit participants to join you for lunch. This allows the other members of the organization to talk with the auditor in a non-threatening situation and gives the auditor a chance to meet the rest of the team informally.

7. Listen to the auditor. During the course of the audit, there will be many "side-bar" conversations between you and the auditor. Many of these will be nothing of significance, but there will be some that are intentionally guided by the auditor to provide information that can be used to either prevent a finding, or help you answer a corrective action request should you have a finding. An auditor is not allowed to "consult" or give answers, but they may discuss how they have seen similar situations dealt with in the past. Also, do not be afraid to ask the auditor to repeat or rephrase a question. It is better to take an extra minute to clarify a question, then to answer the question incorrectly.

8. Remember-the auditor is human. As easy as it is to think of the auditor as a soul-less being intent on ruining your career, that is almost never the case. In fact, most auditors want to write a positive report, one that will make both of you look and feel good. If the auditor sees what he thinks is a finding, and you do not agree, discuss it with him in a logical, calm manner. If your argument is valid, in most cases there will not be a non-conformance noted. Auditors are people and everyone is different, but they are providing a service for which they are being paid. You are the customer.

9. Findings are not the end of the world. When there are findings, and there will almost always be findings, do not lose too much sleep over it. The majority of the time, you are not going to be surprised about a finding, it will just be confirming what you suspected (and hoped the auditor would not see). Life goes on-answer the non-conformance with a solid corrective action and make sure that that hole is completely filled in, then there is one less thing to worry about in the next audit.

10. You will never please everyone-so do not try. Once the audit is over, you may feel that is a success, but do not strut too proudly. If there were a number of findings, you may feel like you did not prepare enough and there was something else you could have done. If there were no findings, people would feel that the auditor was "too easy" and we did not get our money's worth out of the audit. Someone is not going to be happy, but they will just need to get over it. Do your best to make the assessment process an improvement tool, and eventually the benefits will be realized.

At the end of the day, you will feel relief that the audit is over, but do not relax too much. I would always recommend a "post-mortem" meeting with the key participants in the audit. During this meeting, I would create a list of what the auditor's hot-buttons are. This will vary depending on the auditor's background. Some auditors come out of logistics background and will naturally pay more attention to the shipping and receiving of product. Others will pay attention to predictive maintenance and others will concentrate on the control plans. The more you know about the auditor, the better prepared you can be for the next audit.

Next: The audit is over-now what?

Unions and Management – Can not We Just Get Along?

Initially it seems like oil and water, or cats and dogs; they just do not get along. But that perception, and the fundamental reality, is changing.


Unions want to gain higher salaries and more benefits for their members. They also want job security, good working conditions, and career opportunities. And, they certainly will defend members who are being treated unfairly.

Management shares some, if not all, of these objectives. They do not object to fair compensation, want a stable workforce, and would prefer to have fairness and equity among employees.


The profit motive necessitates efforts to contain or reduce the costs of doing business. Labor is almost always the major expense. So management desires to keep a lid on salaries and benefits. This factor alone creates a conflict between management and the unions that represent their employees.

Unions need to gain concessions from management to satisfy their members (who pay dues to get this representation and clout). Management, on the other hand, needs to show profits to satisfy their stockholders and owners.


When unions and management fail to adequately resolve their differences through negotiations, the consequences can be profound. There can be strikes, walkouts, lockouts, slowdowns, rotating absences, etc.

Most unions have distanced themselves from the thug tactics of yore, although occasional incidents of violence, intimidation or other unfair practices still occasionally occur.

Management can also be tough. When the air traffic controllers went on strike in 1981 President Regan fired them, assigned military personnel to handle their jobs, and eventually replaced them all.


Businesses need workers and workers need jobs. The fundamental rationale for cooperation is, therefore, in place. However, as with most things, "the devil is in the details." EEOC (Equal Employment Opportunity Commission) regulations, the Civil Rights Act, Fair Labor Standards Practices Act, Minimum Wage standards, and many more legislative and legal provisions form a legal foundation for labor issues. Bargaining Agreements, Labor Contacts, Binding Arbitration requirements, Past Practices history, etc., also govern the relationships between labor and management in a more explicit fashion. But the fundamental requirement for constructive relationships between the parties is based on cooperation, respect, and a genuine partnership to achieve mutual objectives.

There are many examples of these types of positive, constructive, results-producing partnerships. One that I am personally familiar with is SEIU (Services Employees International Union) and the County of Los Angeles where the union sponsored their members to attend a certification program for Medical Records Coding. The County's health department needed the coders, and the unionized clerks wanted better career opportunities. So the County arranged for the instruction, and the Union paid the tuition and purchased the necessary computers, software, and textbooks. In return, the County agreed to hire the program graduates. Of course there are numerous other examples of this type of cooperation in the telecommunications industry (GTE), the automobile industry (all the majors), high-tech manufacturing (Siemens), hospital restructuring (several), etc.


Economic conditions and requirements have changed so rapidly that outmoded ways of doing business can no longer be indulged. Although I am not part of a growing chorus of managers and business leaders who believe that unions have "outlived their usefulness," I do believe that a more cooperative relationship is required. Business is a partnership, and the stakeholders include labor, management, regulators, consumers, government, and the public.

Organized labor is well-aware that a cooperative, mutually beneficial relationship that emphasizes productivity, competitiveness and cost containment / reduction is essential to maintaining and growing the business sector, our economy and society. The same imperative applies to the government sector where unions have made substantial inroads in organizing public employees. A changing economic world means confrontation must be replaced by concessions, cooperation, and the identification and support of mutual objectives.

Copyright © 2010, Dr. Ben A. Carlsen, MBA. All Rights Reserved Worldwide for all Media. You may reprint this article in your ezine, newsletter, newspaper, magazine, website, etc. as long as you leave all of the links active, do not edit the article in any way, leave my name and bio box intact, and you follow all of the EzineArticles Terms of Service for Publishers.

Benefits Of Garcinia Cambogia

There are a good number of individuals who are suffering from problems like obesity and excessive weight nowadays. The main reason behind this scenario is the busy life and irregular schedule due to which they are not able to pay proper attention on their health. Some of them do not have even time to exercise. For them, the best way to remain fit and healthy is to start taking the right supplements. If you are looking forward to get an effective and tested natural health supplement, Garcinia Cambogia can fulfill your requirements to a great extent. The pure extract of Garcinia Cambogia has been used as an effective weight loss supplement. The main constituent of this extract is HCA (hydroxycitric acid) which is effective in overcoming the problems of obesity.

This article talks about the various benefits of using Garcinia Cambogia extract. In addition to weight loss, it also offers several other benefits.

Appetite Suppressant

There are many individuals who gain weight due to their frequent eating habits. If you feel hungry very often due to which you are putting on weight, you can use this product as it suppresses hunger and enhances the rate of metabolism so that you can get impressive results.

Control Craving

High carbohydrate diets and sugars can increase your weight. Taking Garcinia Cambogia will help you in controlling the cravings for a high carbohydrate diet.

Boosts Energy

Using this product generates more energy in the body of the individual. It results in the increased secretion of Serotonin and provides a better sleeping experience. Thus, it keeps you relaxes and distressed.

Immune System

This weight loss supplement has the capability of making your immune system strong. It provides protection against disorders like flu symptoms, swelling, colic and bowel complaints.


The individuals taking this product on a regular basis are free from the problems of acidity.

So, these are some of the most common benefits offered by Garcinia Cambogia. It is a tested and proved supplement which can be used by you in order to remain healthy and fit. Using it on a regular basis can benefit you to a great extent and you can also get an opportunity to maintain your body structure. While planning to use this product in your daily routine, it is essential that you consider some important things.

The first thing is to consult a doctor before using this product. The extract of Garcinia Cambogia is available in the form of pills and tablets and consulting a doctor will provide you a clear understanding of the fact that will it suit you or not. This product commonly suits the needs of all the individuals but exceptions are always there. So, you need to make sure that you are not the one who can not use this product. Another important thing is regarding the dosage. You need to ask your doctor about the intake and be specific about it.

Knowing the benefits of Garcinia Cambogia, anyone will try to use it and get rid of a bulky and overweight body. It is one of the easiest and comfortable ways to lose weight and stay healthy.

What Is Cable Ducting and Why Is Concrete the Best Solution?

What is cable ducting and why is it necessary in construction? Cable ducting is usually for electrical conduit purposes, that is, an electrical piping system. Electronics industries depend on the construction industry to provide a safe route underground route for electric wiring.

Cable ducting is generally done by electricians after the route has been constructed. Traditionally, materials like metal, plastic, fired clay and fiber have been used for electrical conduit tasks. However, concrete is quickly becoming a popular alternative. Why so? We know that concrete has some advantages when it comes to durability, but what else are we missing? How does the system work?

Underground cable ducting and troughs benefit railway companies, roads, and other power industries. These conduits are large in diameter and may be installed underground between buildings. A collection of these conduits is called a duct bank, which may actually be inside of the ground or inside a concrete base. What is the advantage of using a concrete duct bank?

This allows for easy replacement of damaged cables between buildings without having to excavate the entire trench. Unfortunately, PVC and plastics are commonly used for conduit and cable purposes, despite the fact that they are cheap and unreliable. What are some other advantages of using concrete cable ducting solutions?

Besides their easy accessibility, these projects are also affordable and are completely non-conductive to electricity. Furthermore, concrete is resistant to chemicals. When you use concrete ducting, the cables of the operation are buried at such a great depth that they are completely safe from weather changes. Extremely cold or extremely hot temperatures are no longer a concern here. Under ground, everything is protected from the surface of the earth.

It should go without saying that concrete is highly durable, more so than plastic or even steel. This method of ducting also provides splicing and allows for easy updates to the system. Cable ducting can help companies to encase power, as well as all sorts of cable, like fiber optic or pneumatic cable.

How do you go about choosing a company to work with? Be sure to choose a provider that can produce specialist units (tailor made to your cable wiring needs) and get the troughs molded to your specific requirements. Remember, one of concrete's best qualities is its adaptability. You can form anything from concrete. It is also environmentally friendly. It is indeed an ideal solution to underground electrical work and cable ducting.

Kaizen Alternatives: Options of Business Process Optimization

It is important to know the meaning of Kaizen and its modus operandi before understanding its alternatives. This is a continuous improvement process and companies can improve their businesses by adopting it carefully. This application is successfully implemented by a number of departments. Many departments such as services, management, manufacturing, strategy department, human resources, marketing and accounts could also make instant success by the implementation of these applications. If it is applied carefully, companies can generate more profit by removing additional unnecessary work, eliminating waste and introducing new value-added activities. However, the employees must be properly trained for the successful implementation of this process. Then only they can evaluate their activities critically and adopt the most profitable activities. When the employees get positive results, they become more motivated and they try for further improvement.

However, Kaizen is not the only way of improving the efficiency of companies and their businesses. Today, a number of its alternatives are available in the management headspace. They are designed to get profound results to the users.

The kanban system is the first Kaizen alternative. This tool is highly beneficial for the reduction of operation costs and thereby, the companies can eliminate waste and scrap considerably. Companies can create a number of worksites through this system, which are able to give them instant responses to one another through push and pull signals. This ensures proper control of workflow and an effective quality control of products. With kanban, the company can utilize the maximum resources of employees by helping them to achieve maximum output. Kanban is highly powerful and is effective for getting proper control over workflow.

Business process Reengineering (BPR) is the second Kaizen alternative and it is aimed to bring relevant and necessary changes in the organizational structure of a company. In order to provide more profit for the company, BPR implements strategies continuously in an ethical and effective way. Processing of data, materials and financial outcome are the three important elements of BPR. It targets mainly on the departments of organizations, the place where major business processes are undertaken. After visualizing the operations, BPR creates strategies. By following these strategies carefully, companies can cut down costs, increase usage of scarce resources and ultimately maximize profits. This is possible by redesigning, retooling and re-orchestrating the basic operations

Modular Functional Deployment (MFD) is the third category of Kaizen alternative. MFD, a structured process, identifies the best design of the product, which is able to cover its development from all possible angles. It aims to deliver the products successfully to the right audience. Such a way, they can attain satisfaction. MFD is also responsible for lots of critical factors such as product strategy, brand image and customer requirement.

All these Kaizen alternatives concentrate on the maximization of profit by using least possible resources.

18 Accommodations and Modifications For Child in Special Education With Auditory Processing Disorder

Are you concerned that your child in special education may have Auditory Processing Disorder, because they seem not to understand verbal communication? Has your child with autism already been diagnosed with this disorder? Would you like to learn what accommodations and modifications can be given at school, to help your child with their education? This article will discuss 18 accommodations and modifications that you can ask for as you advocate for your child who receives special education services.

Auditory Processing Disorder is the inability to attend to, discriminate among, or understand auditory information. This does not mean that your child can not hear, but that what they hear gets mixed up in their brain. This disorder causes many educational difficulties for children, which can be helped by accommodations and modifications.

Accommodations are defined as: Changes made in how a student accesses and demonstrates learning, and adjustments made to the presentation to or response from the student that does not change the content or the intended outcome. In other words an accommodation, is a change in presentation or in how the child responds, but does not change the content itself.

Modifications are defined as: Changes in what a student is expected to learn and demonstrate, and changes in content, requirements, and / or expectations. You should be careful that modifications are as minimal as possible so that expectations for learning can remain high !!


1. Reduce or minimize auditory distractions
2. Reduce or minimize visual distractions
3. Flexible preferential treatment
4. Provide isolated area in the classroom for independent work
5. Make sure that the teacher has your child's attention before giving verbal information or directions
6. Use visual clues, outlines, organizers and study guides as needed
7. Use technology to give visual clues (overheads, computers, etc)
8. Provide teacher notes
9. Use manipulative's
10.Provide alternative test taking options
11.Extend testing time
12.Use an FM system
13. Use ear plugs to reduce distractions


1. Reduce language level or reading level of assignments
2. Adjust difficulty level and length of assignments
3. Provide alternative grading system
4. Avoid penalizing for spelling errors
5. Read test to student (this could be a accommodation, but it does change the expectations, so I included it in modifications)

By knowing what accommodations and modifications are available that could be used to help your child learn, you can advocate for these. A child with Auditory Processing Disorder can learn with special education services as well as accommodations and modifications.

How To Sell Yourself As A DJ

The market is saturated with DJs, so why would a client choose you? The first thing that you have to understand is that people do business with people. Most DJ businesses get a majority of their business by referrals also known as word-of-mouth marketing. If you are speaking to a client, this means someone (usually a friend, family member, or someone that has seen you perform) probably referred them to you. This also means that the client will most likely consider your services before anyone else. While you may have the advantage of a referral, you will still need to meet the clients entertainment visions and budgetary requirements. Most clients are always looking for the best deal in conjunction with the best service. Is that you? Your main goal is to first paint a picture, and worry about prices later.

The client does not care about the features of your DJ company. They do not care that you have high powered 15 "speakers and a subwoofer. They do not care that you can set up a music system using an iPod and a speaker for cocktail hour. They also really do not care about your 30,000 song hard drive. All they really care about is that their guests have a great time. Most clients just want to host an amazing party and are listening for you to say "by using us / me, your guests are going to have an amazing time ". Is not that the objective. They are also looking for comfort in the planning process.

Planning a party is not easy. Hiring a DJ is one of many responsibilities and clients want peace of mind. They want you to tell them that you are going to make this easy for them. How can you make the process stress free for YOU and the CLIENT? Offer them planning tools. You should have planning forms online or offline where they can provide the important event information. After you tell them about your planning system, watch their reaction. This should bring you one step closer to the sale.

My suggestion is to register with an online event planning website like "DJ Event Planner". Clients have access to their planning account online 24/7 and can enter any important information, activities, and even choose music. Registering with an online event planner will make you feel more confident and appear more professional to clients. When you offer this service, clients will be most impressed. Once you've painted the picture, guided them through their vision, and offered them peace of mind with a planning system, it's time to tell them your prices.

You should always give them a few pricing options from which to choose. Some common examples of packages are: 1. Basic Wedding Package (DJ / MC 2 Speakers)
2. Silver wedding package (DJ / MC 2 speakers and subwoofer)
3. Gold Wedding Package (DJ, separate MC, 2 speakers, subwoofer, lights)
4. Platinum Wedding Package (DJ, separate MC, 2 speakers, subwoofer, lights, cocktail hour included)

I can not give you an idea of ​​Wedding DJ prices because I do not know your specific market. In the NJ / NY area a REPUTABLE DJ may charge between $ 1000 and $ 2000. Prices in other states and provinces would vary depending on the demographics. If you really want to know, contact some DJ's in your area and ask their prices. Why so much? you might ask. Why so much? The client may ask.

Planning for a wedding is much more involved than just pushing play on iTunes at a house party. Your clients are paying for professionalism, your planning time, your expertise, and for you to actually perform at the event. Do not ever under sell yourself. I know someone who gave a break to a client for a wedding last year and when it was over, It was't worth the money in comparison to the amount of time spent on the planning. You should always keep your prices higher and then come down if you want to give them a discount. If your prices are too low, you'll wind up losing money and getting frustrated in the process. If your prices are STILL too high, even after a discount, thank your client for their time and give them your card.

Do not ever compromise your integrity. You are charging your price because you know you're worth it. They will find other DJ's who charge much less but surely do not have the same training and knowledge as you do. They will not be able to meet the clients vision, and they certainly will not have an event planning system in place. Be confident that you are the best DJ for their event. Always assume the sale. When you give them the prices do not ask them if they like the options. Ask them which option would meet their objective the best. You'll most likely close the sale at this point. Do not be pushy either. If they say they want to think about it, ask them if you can answer any questions. If they still seem unsure, tell them that it's no problem and give them some information to take home. Follow up with them and you will surely have another opportunity to close the sale.